Wisconsin History Day By Day

Related Web Sites:
1794: Battle of Fallen Timbers opens Northwest Territory to Settlement

Ohio History Central

Fallen Timbers, Battle of

Read More About It

"The Battles of Fallen Timbers" by Ronald C. Hood

"Bayonets in the Wilderness: Anthony Wayne's Legion in the Old Northwest" by Alan D. Gaff

"The Battle of Fallen Timbers, August 20, 1794: President Washington secures the Ohio Valley" by John William Tebbel

"The Frontiersman" by Allen W. Eckhert



Interesting Fact:

Participants in the Battle of Fallen Timbers included William Henry Harrison, who would become the ninth president of the United States, and Tecumseh, who became one of the greatest American Indian leaders.

Study Questions:

  • What were the issues and events leading up to the Battle of Fallen Timbers?
  • What treaty was signed as a result of the battle, and what impact did it have on the Native Americans?
  • Between the Battle of Fallen Timbers and Wisconsin's statehood in 1848, what was Wisconsin's territorial timeline?

    U.S. historical events that occurred on August 20:

    1741: The first European explorer, Vitus Jonas Bering of Denmark, discovers Alaska.
    1866: The National Labor Union advocates an eight-hour work day.

  • August 20

    August 20, 1794: The final battle between Native Americans and the United States for the control over the Northwest Territory took place on this date. The Battle of Fallen Timbers, located in northwestern Ohio, involved many Indian tribes, including the Ojibwas and Potawatomis. The battle resulted in a decisive victory for the army, led by General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, and proved to be a turning point in the development of the Northwest Territory, the region that would eventually become the states of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin. The outcome of the battle was a deciding factor for the British, who had supported the Indian coalition, to evacuate their posts in the region. With the British now gone from the area and with subsequent treaties with the Native Americans, the path was clear for American settlement in the Northwest Territory.

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